The InheritanceValueMap is a new interface introduced in CQ 5.4. This interface is meant to make it much easier for developers to access properties inherited from parent pages.
To do this, the interface provides two methods, getInherited(String,Class) and getInherited(String, Object), each of these methods will check for a value on the current resource and then check up the page hierarchy for another page with a value on the same content attribute. It will only attempt to retrieve values at the same page content path
Unlike the PersistableValueMap, resources and nodes cannot be directly adapted into InheritanceValueMaps. To create an instance of the InheritanceValueMap, create an instance of the class HierarchyNodeInheritanceValueMap and pass in the current resource, for example:
InheritanceValueMap iProperties = new HierarchyNodeInheritanceValueMap(resource);
String value = iProperties.getInherited("myProp",String.class);
Based on the hierarchy:
If an InheritanceValueMap is used to retrieve the property
jcr:content/footer/image/@width, the following properties would be checked, in order from bottom to top:
Using the InheritanceValueMap, it is much easier for developers to access inherited values and build components which use inherited properties.